Photovoltaics is a method of producing electrical energy using semiconductors to achieve a photovoltaic effect by converting solar radiation into Direct Current (DC). Photovoltaic energy production uses solar panels made up of multiple solar cells containing photovoltaic material.
In brief, photovoltaic systems (PV) are facilities for converting solar energy into electrical energy. A photovoltaic system contains solar panels composed of solar cells of a semiconductor material (mainly silicon) in which a photovoltaic effect occurs. The process is physicochemical in nature, since its first stage is a photoelectric effect, after which an electrochemical process occurs, in which an electric current is generated. Energy generated with photovoltaic systems has long been considered clean and renewable energy.
By converting sunlight into electricity, photovoltaics use a resource with unlimited potential. The system itself and its components are dependent on technological development. Given the rapid development of technology, prices have seen a steady decline despite increasing demand.
Because photovoltaic energy can be produced anywhere and on a small scale, it provides energy independence at national, local and individual levels. For this reason, it has a direct and positive effect on energy independence and security of supply. Energy independence is becoming a factor of increasing importance for economic stability and political security.
Benefits of operation of the photovoltaic installation
by solar installations to cover 100% of electricity demand. The main source of energy is the sun, and the panels are made of silicon, which is non-toxic and produced from sand. Due to rapid technological development and global distribu-tion, the return on investment is becoming faster.
It does not cause noise and does not release harmful emissions or other types of pollution, helping to reduce global warming.
The modules are produced according to the highest European quality standards, which makes them safe and highly reliable.
The modules are recycled and made of silicon, glass and aluminum, the use of which reduces the final prices of the products.
Installations require minimal maintenance because they do not need prophylaxis and their installation is quick and easy.
Autonomous installations provide photovoltaic current for household needs, cooling systems, telecommunication centers, etc.
The modules can be installed on roofs and facades in a natural way, contributing to compensating the energy used.
Only 0.7% of the territory of Europe needs to be occupied